Penal Issues

  • Coordination/Coordinator : Renée ZAUBERMAN
  • Maquette et diffusion/Layout and circulation : Bettino DYVRANDE
  • Traduction/Translator : Helen ARNOLD

 

Penal Issues est l’édition anglaise de Questions Pénales.

Jusqu’à fin 2006, cette publication reprenait, en une édition papier annuelle, les numéros de l’année précédente de Questions Pénales. Depuis 2007, Penal Issues est diffusé exclusivement par voie électronique, cinq fois par an environ.

 

Penal Issues is the English edition of Questions Pénales.

Up to the end of 2006, Penal Issues was published as a single annual paper issue collecting the previous year’s quarterly issues of Questions Pénales. Since 2007, Penal Issues has been exclusively circulated in electronic form, about 5 times a year.

 

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Dernière publication/Latest publication

Delinquent Girls: Victims and/or Guilty?

 

Dominique Duprez, sociologist, Research Director at CNRS, CESDIP, Élise Lemercier, Lecturer in sociology, DySoLa University of Rouen, and Cindy Duhamel, psychologist at the Youth Legal Protection Service (PJJ), University of Rouen present the findings of a research financed by the French Ministry of Justice

Since offences committed by girls were viewed as statistically negligible, for a long time they received little attention from the social sciences. The research project presented in this paper aims at shedding some light on the life course of girls under criminal justice control following some offence, based on their life histories and on interviews with professionals working with them. When we met these girls, they were supervised by the Youth Judicial Protection Service in a community-based setting and/or were sentenced to custodial care or imprisonment. The girls to whom we had access had already undergone a labelling process, so that we make no pretence of casting light on the delinquent careers of girls in general, particularly since they are usually maintained within a juvenile protection scheme longer than boys.

This investigation breaks with the stereotyped perception of female offenders as passive victims and/or manipulated by men, in which the offenses they commit are ascribed to a presumed “lack of femininity”. Our approach, part of the new current which analyses offending with a gender-based theoretical stance, emphasizes the process of (re)production of  feminine and masculine attributes and the underlying power relations. This study also differs in its use of both sociological and psychological approaches for a more effective deconstruction of pseudo-psychological discourse on these girls’ supposed “feminine nature” or “lack of femininity”.

 

 

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Précédentes publications/Previous publications

Delinquent Girls: Victims and/or Guilty?

By Dominique Duprez, Elise Lemercier and Cindy Duhamel – september 2016   Dominique Duprez, sociologist, Research Director at CNRS, CESDIP, Élise Lemercier, Lecturer in sociology, DySoLa University of Rouen, and Cindy Duhamel, psychologist at the Youth Legal Protection Service (PJJ),…

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Identity Checks and Youthful Parisians Analysis of the Paris Section of the 2010 ESCAPAD Survey

by  Sophie Peaucellier , Fabien Jobard, René Lévy and Stanislas Spilka – July 2016   Sophie Peaucellier is research engineer at the University Versailles-Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, CESDIP. Stanislas Spilka is in charge of surveys at the Observatoire Français des Drogues et des…

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Banking Frauds in Metropolitan France: Profiles of Victims and Decisions to Report to the Police

by Bilel Benbouzid and Sophie Peaucellier – January 2016   Bilel Benbouzid, lecturer at the LISIS (Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Sciences Innovations Sociétés), University Paris Est, Marne-la-Vallée and Sophie Peaucellier, research engineer at the CESDIP, discuss the findings of an analysis of banking frauds,…

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The French Electronic Police Docket, a Little-Known Public Security Tool

by Frédéric Ocqueteau – october 2015 Frédéric Ocqueteau is a sociologist and a political scientist doing research at the CESDIP. He is a specialist in security-related policies and professions.   Since the February 24, 1995 inaugural decree, the electronic police…

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Desistance from Crime in Brazil

The Impact of Experience with the World of Crime and the Juvenile Justice System by Géraldine Bugnon – july 2015   Géraldine Bugnon works as researcher at the CESDIP. She holds a PhD in sociology and is a post-doctoral student…

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Distinction or Exit : The Upper Echelons of the Probation Services Caught Between Institutional Vagueness and Personal Dissatisfaction

by Xavier de Larminat – november 2014   Xavier de Larminat is a post-doctoral student at Brussels’ Saint-Louis University. This paper describes some findings of a research project funded by the CESDIP, on the upperechelon staff of French probation departments.…

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Forensic psychiatry and psychiatrists in criminal justice in europe.

A comparative study of England, Spain, Rumania, Sweden and France  by Jennifer BOIROT – june 2014   Jennifer BOIROT is a doctoral student at the CESDIP and Temporary Teaching and Research Assistant (ATER) at the University of Versailles-Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines. She is completing…

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First steps of the national council for private security activities (CNAPS)

by Frédéric OCQUETEAU – february 2014   Frédéric OCQUETEAU, sociologist, is a researcher at the CESDIP (CNRS). This paper presents the findings of his study on the new scheme for monitoring private security activities.   The CNAPS, a French public…

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A prevention scheme for paris : the « accueil réussite éducative pelleport » program

by Maryse ESTERLE– october 2013   Maryse ESTERLE is a sociologist, honorary assistant professor at the Université d’Artois and associate researcher at the CESDIP. She has conducted several studies on dropping out and truancy, as well as an action-research project…

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The role of tax administration lawyers in criminal trials

by Mélanie PÉCLAT – september 2013   Mélanie PÉCLAT is a doctoral student, and ATER (temporary teaching and research assistant) at the University of Versailles-Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines and works at the CESDIP. She is terminating her thesis on the representation of fiscal…

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Cultural action for the penal population. A research on heritage projects targeting individuals in the hands of the law

by Delphine SAURIER and Kathia BARBIER – july 2013   Delphine SAURIER and Kathia BARBIER discuss some findings from a study of projects conducted by cultural heritage institutions and aimed at people under criminal justice authority. This study was sponsored…

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Police statistics on juvenile suspects

by Bruno AUBUSSON de CAVARLAY – april 2013   Bruno AUBUSSON de CAVARLAY, researcher at the CESDIP, has conducted studies on penal tracks and quantitative analysis of the criminal justice process. He is working on developing long-term statistical bases with…

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Organised crime and the corruption of public institutions in the United Kingdom : implications for policy and practice

by Sappho XENAKIS – march 2013   Sappho XENAKIS [ 1] is RBUCE-UP Marie Curie Fellow at CESDIP. At CESDIP she is pursuing a two-year research project on international law enforcement co-operation against organised crime and political violence, which is…

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The viewer and the viewed.

Circulating images of the police, between professionals, the mass media and the public by Michael MEYER – december 2012   Michael MEYER is a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Lausanne and associate researcher at the CESDIP. He reports findings…

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Nightwatchers, a new contribution to the regulation of public space ?

by Jacques DE MAILLARD and Patricia BÉNEC’H-LE ROUX – september 2012   The present edition of Penal Issues draws on a survey conducted by Jacques DE MAILLARD and Patricia BÉNEC’H-LE ROUX for the city of Paris on the Paris nightwatcher…

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The relations between the courts and the correctional administration

by Christian MOUHANNA – may 2012   In this paper, Christian MOUHANNA discusses some findings from a study of relations between the courts and the Correctional administration. The study received funding from the « Law and Justice » Research Mission. It was…

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Custodial facilities for juveniles : between institutional rationales and professional practices

Comparing Juvenile Correctional Facilities, Juvenile Wings in Correctional Centres and Custodial Educational Centres by Francis BAILLEAU – april 2012   Francis BAILLEAU discusses findings from a research project on custodial facilities for juveniles, conducted in collaboration with Nathalie GOURMELON (CIRAP-ENAP)…

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Measuring car-crime in france : victimisation surveys and police statistics since the mid 1980s

by Renée ZAUBERMAN, Philippe ROBERT, Sophie NÉVANEN and David BON – december 2011   This is the next of a series of presentations, by Penal Issues, of studies on crime trends. The series started with papers on homicide (September 2008)…

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Sentence-serving within the community : caught between criminological diagnosis and flow management

by Xavier DE LARMINAT – may 2011   Xavier DE LARMINAT is preparing his doctoral thesis at the CESDIP and working as Temporary Teaching and Research Attaché (ATER) in political science at the University Versailles-Saint-Quentin. He discusses some of his…

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Measuring burglaries in France : victimisation surveys and police statistics since the mid 1980s

by Renée ZAUBERMAN, Philippe ROBERT, Sophie NÉVANEN and David BON- march 2011   Penal Issues pursues the publication of studies on crime trends. Following the issues on homicide (September 2008, XXI, 4), non-lethal personal violence (December 2008, XXI, 5) and…

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Cooperation in policing Schengen area borders : the CzechRepublic/Austrian example

by  Mathilde DARLEY – october 2010   Mathilde DARLEY is a researcher at the CESDIP. She reports on the findings of a study conducted between 2004 and 2007 on cooperation between police forces, in the framework of her doctoral thesis…

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Rape cases brought to assizes courts : typology and geographical variations

by Véronique LE GOAZIOU and Laurent MUCCHIELLI   Véronique LE GOAZIOU is a sociologist working as associate researcher at the CESDIP (CNRS). Laurent MUCCHIELLI, also a sociologist, is a senior researcher at the CNRS (CESDIP). The present study was conducted…

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Measuring personal thefts in france : victimisation surveys and police statistics since the mid-1980s

by Renée ZAUBERMAN, Philippe ROBERT, Sophie NÉVANEN, Lisa MICELI -june 2010   This issue pursues the presentation of the CESDIP’s studies on crime trends, in the wake of a first issue on homicide (September 2008) and another on non-lethal personal…

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Preventing absenteeism and dropping out : tension in the school system

by Étienne DOUAT and Maryse ESTERLE – march 2010   Maryse ESTERLE is teacher and researcher at the teacher’s school (Institut Universitaire de Formation des Maîtres) of the Université d’Artois and member of the CESDIP. Étienne DOUAT is teacher and…

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Identity checks in paris

by René LÉVY and Fabien JOBARD – january 2010 This new version of Penal Issues replaces the previous one which had a mistake. We apologie to our readers. René LÉVY and Fabien JOBARD outline the results of the first French…

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Violence in elementary schools. The difficult construction of an educational order

by Cécile CARRA – october 2009   Cécile CARRA teacher and researcher working at the Nord/Pas-de-Calais Institut Universitaire de Formation des Maîtres (teachers training school within the Université d’Artois), at RECIFES (Recherches en Éducation Compétences Interactions Formations Éthique Savoirs), and…

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Combating money laundering : sentinels ans tools at work

by Gilles FAVAREL-GARRIGUES, Thierry GODEFROY and Pierre LASCOUMES – september 2009   Gilles FAVAREL-GARRIGUES (CERI-Sciences-Po), Thierry GODEFROY (CESDIP) and Pierre LASCOUMES (CEVIPOF-Sciences-Po) report on a survey of anti-money laundering professionals. This issue of Penal Issues focuses mostly on the implementation…

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Living and working conditions in the police in 2003. A sociological survey

by Geneviève PRUVOST – june 2009   Geneviève PRUVOST is a researcher at the CESDIP, and has authored Profession : policier. Sexe : féminin (Paris, Éditions de la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, 2007) and De la sergote à la…

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Juveniles in detention : narratives from prison and imprisoned narratives

by Gilles CHANTRAINE – april 2009   Gilles CHANTRAINE does research at the CNRS-CLERSÉ. He discusses some findings from a qualitative study on youths detained in France’s three « juvenile detention wings », conducted in 2007-2008 within the CESDIP, for an analysis and…

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The cesdip’s fortieth anniversary

by Laurent MUCCHIELLI – february 2009   That anniversary is special enough to merit an instalment of Penal Issues, with a presentation of the team, the main research themes, the structures within which our international collaboration is developed, and the…

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Personal violence in france since the mid-’80s

by Renée ZAUBERMAN, Philippe ROBERT, Sophie NÉVANEN, Lisa MICELI, Emmanuel DIDIER – december 2008   Penal Issues has set out to publish the findings of the CESDIP research programme on crime trends. Issue XXI.4 dated September 2008 was devoted to…

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Homicides in france since the 1970s : statistical analysis and overall trends

by Laurent Mucchielli – september 2008   Laurent Mucchielli, a sociologist and researcher at the CNRS and director of the CESDIP, works currently on personal violence. He has recently published : Une société plus violente ? Analyse socio-historique des violences interpersonnelles en…

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The juvenile court judge in context : in search of balance

by Benoît BASTARD and Christian MOUHANNA   Benoît BASTARD, sociologist, researcher at the CNRS and member of the Institut des Sciences Sociales du Politique in Cachan, has published a number of studies on the justice system and social work in…

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Repression of use of illegal substances : an assessment

by Marie-Danièle BARRÉ – march 2008   In this paper, Marie-Danièle BARRÉ summarizes the trend in drug policies and in some penal policy indicators over the last ten-odd years. She recalls the specific contribution of CESDIP surveys on the penal…

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Youth gangs and « trouble in the (housing) projects »

by Marwan MOHAMMED – january 2008   Marwan MOHAMMED is a post-doctoral sociologist at the CESDIP. He recently wrote his doctoral thesis on « The role of families in the forming of youth gangs ». He also co-edited, with Laurent MUCCHIELLI, a…

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Chief public prosecutor : a strengthened professional identity

by Patricia BÉNEC’H-LE ROUX – november 2007   Patricia BÉNEC’H-LE ROUX holds a doctorate in sociology. She is associate researcher at the CESDIP and for several years she has been researching mainly two fields : the sociology of juvenile justice and…

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Judicial processing of juveniles : the case of rioters « déférés » in november 2005

by Aurore DELON and Laurent MUCCHIELLI – june 2007   Aurore DELON has two Master’s Degrees in « Political Science Research » (University Versailles-Saint-Quentin). She is a researcher under contract. Laurent MUCCHIELLI, a sociologist and researcher at the CNRS, heads the CESDIP.…

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Prison entries and length of detention. The diversity of the correctional systems situation in europe

by Bruno AUBUSSON DE CAVARLAY – march 2007   Marcelo F. AEBI, professor of Criminology at the University of Lausanne, Bruno AUBUSSON DE CAVARLAY, researcher at the CESDIP, and Natalia STADNIC, researcher in Criminology at the University of Lausanne, analyze…

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Victimisation and police statistics in the île-de-france region

by Renée ZAUBERMAN, Philippe ROBERT, Sophie NÉVANEN, Emmanuel DIDIER – january 2007   The CESDIP has a long history of research on victimisation and insecurity, including surveys conducted directly by the Centre, such as the city surveys discussed in the…

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Victimization and insecurity in urban areas. The 2005 surveys

by Renée ZAUBERMAN, Philippe ROBERT, Sophie NÉVANEN, Emmanuel DIDIER – december 2006   The French Forum for Urban Security has commissioned the CESDIP, which has long been studying victimization and insecurity, to conduct five urban surveys on that subject in…

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Violence in primary schools, as experienced by teachers and pupils

by Cécile CARRA – september 2006   Cécile CARRA, teacher and researcher working at the Nord/Pas-de-Calais IUFM (Institut universitaire de formation des maîtres, the teacher training school) and the CESDIP, has been conducting research on juvenile deviance for several years.…

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Relativity of and gaps in sources of statistics on pretrial detention

by Bruno AUBUSSON DE CAVARLAY – june 2006   Bruno AUBUSSON de CAVARLAY, a researcher working at the CNRS and member of the Monitoring Commission for Pretrial Detention since 2002, presents an analysis of statistics on pretrial detention1 and draws…

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A distinctively french custom : recurrent pardons and amnesties

by René Lévy – march 2006   René Lévy is research director at the CNRS. He has recently conducted a study on the French practice of granting collective pardons and amnesties, the most significant findings of which are outlined here.…

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Some aspects of violence in social relations deliberate assault and battery entailing incapacity to work tried by a paris area correctionnel court in the year 2000

by Laurent MUCCHIELLI – january 2006   Laurent MUCCHIELLI is a researcher with the CNRS. He teaches at the University of Versailles-Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines and heads the CESDIP. His work concentrates mainly on juvenile delinquency and interpersonal violence. The present study was…

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Archives – Penal Issues (1989-2005)

1989 : BERNAT de CÉLIS (J.), The Enforcement of Prison Sentences. GODEFROY (Th.), LAFFARGUE (B.), The Costs of Crime in France. OCQUETEAU (F.), PÉREZ-DIAZ (C.), Public Opinion, Crime and Criminal Justice Policies in France. TOURNIER (P.), The Demographic Situation in…

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